A wound is an injury to the skin due to a cut, scrapes and punctures or a heavy blow. Pathologically speaking, a wound is a sharp injury to the dermis layer of the skin. A wound is not only the injury suffered due to accidents inside or outside the home, it is also the surgical incisions and cuts made for catheters to go inside the body as in the case of suprapubic catheter.

Types of Wound 

Wounds are essentially of two kinds – open wounds and closed wounds. Open wounds and closed wounds can be further classified according to the object that caused the wound.

  • Incision – a sharp cut made by a sharp object like knife, razor or glass splinters.
  • Lacerations – a deep cut or tear of the skin or flesh resulting in a jagged and irregular wound.
  • Abrasions – superficial wound to the epidermis layer, caused by sliding fall.
  • Avulsions – full or partial amputation of a body part not through surgical procedure, but hasbeen pulled off forcibly, like explosions or violent accidents.
  • Puncture – when an object punctures the skin like nails or splinters.
  • Penetration – a wound made by knife or any other object that goes through a body part.
  • Gunshot wounds – caused by bullets.
Types of closed wound:

Closed wounds are as dangerous as open wounds. There are two types of closed wound namely;

  1. Hematomas It is caused by injury to a blood vessel, leading to blood collection under the skin.
  2. Crush injury It is caused by extreme force applied over a long period of time
Wound Treatment:

Minor open wound treatment doesn’t require a doctor’s attention and can be treated easily at home like superficial cuts and scrapes. In this type of minor wound treatment, you need to wash and clean the wound and then apply sterile dressing or bandage to help it heal. Very minor kind of wounds won’t even require any elaborate wound treatment or even bandaging, just clean the wound and keep it dry to let it heal

However, you need to see a doctor if the wound is deeper than half inch, the bleeding does not stop even after the application of pressure, bleeding is caused by a serious accident. Such type of wound treatment involves various procedures from closing the open wound with skin glue, sutures and stitches to tetanus booster shots and pain medication to name a few.

Wound Infection Treatment:

Wound infection is caused due to the infestation of bacteria in the wound. Such infections require immediate medical attention. The wound infection treatment involves the following preventive measures;

  • Preventive antibiotics – are the first step in wound infection treatment.It helps in killing bacteria cells.
  • Use of slow releasing antiseptics – it slows down the growth of bacteria.
  • Application of sulphadiazine solution; It is a solution of the metal silver that destroys broad spectrum bacteria.
What is wound care?

Wound care is the treatment of a wound through the application of varied techniques suited to the type of wound. Wound care involves;

  • Giving local care to the skin with debridement and dressing.
  • Application of medicated bandages and compression.
  • Treatment of wound Infection
  • Treatment of Edema.
  • Maximizing blood flow and oxygen for faster healing
Types of Wound care:

There are many types of wounds and so are its causes. While some superficial wounds don’t demand much attention and heal on their own, there are several other types of wounds that demand a lot of attention and care to heal properly. Depending upon the type of wound a doctor recommends the wound care types to be employed.

Advanced wound care dressings:

Advanced wound care dressings are meant to the bleeding and absorb any secretion to aid healing of the wound.  Wound care dressings are of several types, namely;

  1. Hydrocolloid Dressings – This type of wound care dressings is mainly applicable for burn injuries, pressure ulcers and venous ulcers.
  2. Hydrogel Dressings – Hydrogel dressings are used for the treatment of infected wounds and or wounds with little secretion.
  3. Alginate Dressings– Alginate is particularly used to heal wounds with high amounts of wound drainage.
  4. Collagen Dressings – Collagen is primarily used to treat large wounds, bed sores and transplant sites.
Negative Pressure Wound Dressings:

Negative pressure wound dressings involves the technique of vacuum dressing to drain out excess secretion/fluid from the wound to simulate the flow of blood in the area to heal the wound.


Debridement of a wound is the removal of any foreign object lodged in the wound or the removal of dead skin from the wound when the skin is unable to do so naturally.

Wraps to decrease lower leg swelling:

In this treatment technique, a bandage is tightly wrapped around the lower leg to reduce the swelling and increase blood circulation.


For quick wound healing, proper wound dressing and right wound care is essential which requires the assistance of caring nurses for wound dressing.Karunya Med Services provide expert nurses for wound dressing to take appropriate care of your wound at your doorstep. The  healing process of any wound depends on the type of wound. We take care of all type of wound including pressure sores, injuries, bruises, infected wounds , wound care after surgery, etc. Our trained and caring nurses would not only dress your wound properly but also take its good care to promote its quick healing.

  1. Promotes Healing:

Suffering post-surgical wounds, pressure sores, or injuries, wound dressing at your doorstep by caring Karunya Med Service nurses prevents you from traveling to the hospital saves your energy and prevents you from infections at hospital premises. As you get your wound cleaned and dressed at home facilitates quick healing.

  1. Educates About Wound Care:

Karunya Med Care Nurses for wound dressing not only take care of your wounds but also educate you and your family members how to take the right care of your wounds for its quick healing and to protect from infections.Nurses also teach your family members the steps to be taken for dressing and to prevent infections for quick healing of wounds.